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WWII Timeline – Fall 1935

I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at October – December 1935 in this post.

A Timeline of WWII, Fall 1935

October 3,1935

Benito Mussolini, leader of the Fascist Party and Prime Minister of Italy, ordered his troops into Abyssinia (the historical name of the Ethiopian Empire in Africa). The invasion was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. The League of Nations called for economic sanctions against Italy, but there was no enforcement.

December 1935

The Hoare-Laval Pact was proposed by British Foreign Secretary Samuel Hoare and French Prime Minister Pierre Laval for the purpose of ending the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. The proposed pact would partition Abyssinia, which would achieve Mussolin’s goal of making it into an Italian colony.

According to the pact, France and Britain would each give Italy part of Abyssinia with guaranteed access to the ocean. The proposed pact was strongly opposed in both Britain and France and was never finalized. British Foreign Secretary Samuel Hoare lost his position.

December 12, 1935

Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler founded the Lebensborn (source or fount of life) program. The program’s purpose was to produce a German “super race” by selective breeding between young German women demonstrating the idealized Aryan characteristics, and SS officers and others who were considered to be racially pure. Once pregnant, the women were provided with excellent medical care in special medical facilities.

Sources:

This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:

The Holocaust Encyclopedia

The History Place:

The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline

Wikipedia: Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Wikipedia: Hoare-Laval Pact

Wikipedia: Lebensborn

World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.

Most recent post from the series:

Summer 1935

© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2018

WWII Timeline – Summer 1935

I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at July – September 1935 in this post.

A Timeline of WWII, Summer 1935

July 28, 1935

Boeing’s prototype B-17, known as the Model -299, made its first flight. It was piloted by Boeing’s chief test pilot, Leslie Tower. A reporter for the Seattle Times, Richard Williams, seeing the multiple machine guns, remarked, “Why, it’s a flying fortress!”

August 6, 1935

The Nazis forced Jewish performers/artists to join the Jewish Cultural Unions.

August 31, 1935

President Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Act of 1935. It prohibited trading in arms and other war materials with all parties in a war.

September 1935

Germany adopted the swastika for its national flag. The symbol originally stood for life, power, prosperity, and luck in ancient times. The Nazi party adopted the symbol in the 1920’s to stand for German nationalistic pride. But it became a symbol of antisemitism and terror to Jews and enemies of Nazi Germany.

September 15, 1935

The Nuremberg Race Laws, which imposed strict limits on citizenship and civil rights for German Jews, were adopted.

The Nuremberg Race laws were:

  • The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor (regarding Jewish marriage)
  • The Reich Citizenship Law (designating Jews as subjects)
  • The Law for the Protection of the Genetic Health of the German People (requiring all persons wanting to marry to submit to a medical examination; a “Certificate of Fitness to Marry” – which was required to get a marriage license – would be issued if they were found to be disease free)

The Nuremberg Laws caused confusion over the definition of a “full Jew.” The Nazis even published charts to distinguish “full Jews” from Mischlinge (Germans of mixed race) and Aryans. The Nazis ultimately defined a “full Jew” as a person with three Jewish grandparents. A Mischlinge of the first degree was defined as with two Jewish grandparents and of the second degree as with one Jewish grandparent.

Later, supplemental Nazi decrees outlawed the Jews completely, depriving them of their rights as human beings.

Sources:

This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:

The Holocaust Encyclopedia

The History Place:

The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline

Wikipedia: Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

Wikipedia: Swastika

World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.

Most recent post from the series:

Spring 1935

© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2018

WWII Timeline – Spring 1935

I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at April – June 1935 in this post.

A Timeline of WWII, Spring 1935

May 2, 1935

France and Russia signed a mutual assistance treaty which forced Germany into a two-front war. Russia also signed a similar agreement with Czechoslovakia in the same time period.

May 21, 1935

The Nazis banned Jews from serving in the military.

June 26, 1935

The Nazis passed a law allowing forced abortions on women to prevent them from passing on hereditary diseases.

Sources:

This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:

The Holocaust Encyclopedia

The History Place:

The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline

Wikipedia – Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance

World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.

Most recent post from the series:

Winter 1935

© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2018

WWII Timeline – Winter 1935

I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at January – March 1935 in this post.

A Timeline of WWII, Winter 1935

January 7, 1935

France entered into a treaty with Italy in an attempt to shield itself from Nazi aggression.

March 16, 1935

Adolf Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription and announced that he would not obey the limits placed on the German military by the treaty.

Sources:

This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:

The Holocaust Encyclopedia

The History Place:

The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline

Wikipedia – Franco-Italian Agreement of 1935

World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.

Most recent post from the series:

Fall 1934

© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2018