The 384th Bomb Group’s Mission #178 was the 8th AAF’s Mission #545.
My dad, George Edwin Farrar, participated as waist gunner in his fourth mission with the 384th Bomb Group on 12 AUGUST 1944, flying with the 544th Bomb Squadron’s John Oliver Buslee crew.
The 384th Bomb Group was part of the 1st Bombardment Division, 41st Combat Wing, of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, and today they flew as part of the 41st “C” Combat Wing.
The 384th Bomb Group website’s Mission Summary describes the mission as,
Luftwaffe Attacked Near Paris
The 384th Bombardment Group (H) provided all three groups of the 41st C Combat Bombardment Wing on today’s mission. The mission proceeded generally as briefed, up until bomb release – then the bomb release on the high group lead aircraft failed to operate. The high group leader asked wing for permission to make a second run, which was granted, but the target was so obscured by prior bombing that they were unable to aim accurately. The high group then proceeded to the briefed secondary, an airfield between Étampes and Mondesir and completed a successful attack there.
Forty-three aircraft of the 384th Bomb Group were assigned to the mission. Of the 43,
- 34 completed the mission (not including spares)
- 2 aborted because of equipment failures
- 1 was scrubbed
- 2 flying spare, completed the mission
- 1 flying spare, returned as briefed
- 3 ground spare aircraft were unused
None of the aircraft are missing.
Mission documents identified the specific target of the day for the 41st “C” Combat Wing as La Perthe, a Landing Ground actively used by the Germans, a German Air Force (Luftwaffe) target in France.
Mission documents included additional target information:
- The Secondary Target was Etampes/Mondesir.
- The Targets of Last Resort were Any A/D, M/Y, any bridge, any enemy column or convoy on the road, any concentration of troops or equipment not in the area restricted west of Paris.
- Meager to moderate opposition may be expected.
The Buslee crew flew spare today, filling in for the Gilbert R. Lindberg crew when the Lindberg crew could not find the formation. They were part of the Lead Group led by Lt. Col. Alfred Charles “Coach” Nuttall.
The Buslee crew flew under these leaders on this date,
- Lt. Col. Alfred Charles “Coach” Nuttall, Lead Group Commander , 544th Bomb Squadron Commanding Officer
- Major Gerald Busby Sammons (not a mission participant), 544th Bomb Squadron Commanding Officer 14 September 1944 to 6 November 1944
- Col. Dale Orville Smith (not a mission participant), 384th Bomb Group Commander 23 November 1943 to 24 October 1944
The Buslee Crew Loading List for Mission #178 was the same as #176 and #177:
- Pilot – John Oliver Buslee
- Co-Pilot – David Franklin Albrecht
- Navigator – Chester Anthony Rybarczyk
- Bombardier – James Buford Davis
- Radio Operator/Gunner – Sebastiano Joseph Peluso
- Engineer/Top Turret Gunner – Lenard Leroy Bryant
- Ball Turret Gunner – Erwin Vernon Foster
- Tail Gunner – Eugene Daniel Lucynski
- Waist Gunner – George Edwin Farrar (my dad)
The Buslee crew was aboard B-17 42-38013, Nevada Avenger. The Tactical Interrogation form filled out by Lt. Buslee at the completion of the mission described,
- Time took off 0610
- Time landed 1400
- Target attacked at 1049 from an altitude of 20,000 ft.
- Bombs on target: 12 x 500
- No flak reported
- No battle damage reported
- Technical Failures, Aircraft: Engines: #1 and #4 cylinder head temperature gauge went out. Written up. Oxygen: Ball turret (written as Lower Ball) auto mix [Foster’s oxygen system] not operating properly; used more oxygen than when in safety position. Not written up.
- Technical Failures, Flying Equipment and Battle Damage: None
- Crew suggestion: Relief tubes should be put in A/C 013, none at present.
- No armament failures reported
Mission data in group reports included,
- A B-24 section gave us considerable difficulty, evidently crowding the Division leader and we made a 360° turn just prior to reaching the French coast.
- We had no encounters with enemy aircraft throughout.
- At the I.P. … meager and inaccurate flak was fired between the Lead and Low Sections after they had taken bombing interval. Nuttall’s pilot, 1st Lt. Allred reported between 30 – 40 bursts sent up. No damage resulted. No other flak was encountered during the Mission.
- Fighter escort was excellent today.
- The Scouting Force (led by prior 384th Commander Budd Peaslee) gave us our target weather long before we reached the target area.
- Suggest that the Second Division not have course and departure points which practically coincide with the First Division. Such a practice causes no end of worry to Wings which must go in abreast as they did today.
Also of note on this date…
Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr, a United States Navy Lieutenant and older brother of future president John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was killed on an experimental flight over England as part of a program code-named “Aphrodite.”
As part of the secret program, Joe Kennedy, Jr. was pilot on an old B-17 which was filled with explosives. After the ship was set for a pre-determined course, the pilot was to bail out, allowing the ship to crash into its target. On this day, Kennedy’s aircraft exploded prematurely and he vanished in the blast.
As the eldest son of Joe Kennedy, Sr., he was being groomed by his father to run for President of the United States. After his death, younger brother John followed the path first planned for Joe Jr., from House to Senate to the Presidency.
- Previous post on Mission 178
- Thank you to the 384th’s Fred Preller and Keith Ellefson for obtaining and sharing WWII reports and mission documents from the National Archives for the 384th Bomb Group.
- Mission documents and other mission information may be found, viewed, and saved or printed courtesy of Fred Preller’s 384th Bomb Group website.
Source of information on Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Jr.
- Ken Decker’s Memories of the 384th Bombardment Group (H), Second Edition
© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2020