I previously wrote about the special orders, Special Orders 86, for the John Oliver Buslee crew (Crew #4679) of the 384th Bomb Group (of which my dad was waist gunner). The orders, dated 23 JUNE 1944, released the airmen from their combat crew training assignment and duty at the 222nd Combat Crew Training School (H) at the Ardmore Army Air Field and transferred them to AAB, Kearney, Nebraska, the next leg of their journey to their permanent duty station in England.
The James Joseph Brodie crew (Crew #4659) was assigned on the same special orders, on page 4 of the same document.
I had a chance recently to review those orders and pull some more information from them, specifically (at time of the orders),
- Assigned occupation in the B-17 and MOS (Military Operational Specialty)/Job Assignment number
- Whether Married or Single (Married status was indicated by the * preceding their rank in the list)
The MOS (Military Operation Specialties)/Job Assignments, of which there were many in the United States Military, of the Buslee and Brodie crews at the time of these Special Orders were limited to these:
- 1022 Pilot – Twin Engine (A-20, B-25, B-26, etc)
- 1024 Pilot – Four Engine (Usually Transport Pilots)
- 1034 Bombardier
- 1035 Navigator
- 748 Aerial Engineer Gunner, specifically Top Turret Gunner/Flight Engineer. Earlier, 748 was Airplane Mechanic Gunner, but the MOS changed when TM 12-427 (see Sources below) was updated/revised.
- 757 Radio Operator/Mechanic/Gunner, the radio operator who could man a weapon and perform some basic repairs in flight as well as basic maintenance tasks.
- 611 Aerial Gunner (Waist, Ball & Tail), a general classification for aerial gunner. That indicates the service member did not have additional formal school training on a specialty like RO (radio operator) or flight engineer. Typically WG (waist gunners) and BT (ball turret gunners) are listed as assistant armorers, flight engineers or radio operators. They are the fill-in guy to attempt to fulfill one of those jobs if needed.
- 612 Armorer Gunner (Togglier), an Airplane Armorer Gunner. He performs basic maintenance and repairs on various weapons-related equipment. A togglier could be a guy – someone who isn’t busy with constant duties, performing a specific role on the bomb run (to toggle the switch to release the bombs at the same time as the lead bombardier), and someone who can get back to another position quickly.
Specific details in the above list were provided by 384th Bomb Group Historian John Edwards.
* * * * *
From the crew lists on Special Orders 86, I can produce a “Who’s Who” for the Buslee and Brodie crews at the time of those orders.
P – Pilot, classified as MOS 1024 Pilot – Four Engine (Usually Transport Pilots), but later, according to 384th Bomb Group records, re-classified as MOS 1091, Pilot, B-17
- 2nd Lt. John O. Buslee, SN O-764209, marital status Single
- 2nd Lt. James J. Brodie, SN O-1012186, marital status Married
CP – Co-pilot, classified as MOS 1022 Pilot – Twin Engine (A-20, B-25, B-26, etc), but later, according to 384th Bomb Group records, re-classified as MOS 1091, Pilot, B-17
- [Buslee crew] 2nd Lt. David F. Albrecht, SN O-767423, marital status Married
- [Brodie crew] 2nd Lt. Lloyd O. Vevle, SN O-768760, marital status Single
N – Navigator, classified as MOS 1035 Navigator
- [Buslee crew] 2nd Lt. Chester A. Rybarczyk, SN O-0720014, marital status Single
- [Brodie crew] 2nd Lt. George M. Hawkins, Jr., SN O-719944, marital status Single
B – Bombardier, classified as MOS 1034 Bombardier
- [Buslee crew] 1st Lt. Marvin [NMI] Fryden, SN O-731492, marital status Married
- [Brodie crew] 2nd Lt. William D. Barnes, Jr., SN O-768921, marital status Single
Marvin Fryden was a stateside instructor in the Army Air Forces before joining a combat crew, likely explaining why his rank was greater than the other officers of the two crews at the time of these orders.
AEG – Army Airplane Mechanic/Gunner, Flight Engineer (Top Turret Gunner/Flight Engineer), classified as MOS 748 Aerial Engineer Gunner
- [Buslee crew] Sgt. Clarence B. Seeley, SN 39270874, marital status Single
- [Brodie crew] S/Sgt. Robert D. Crumpton, SN 19056991, marital status Single
ROG – Radio Operator/Mechanic/Gunner, AAF, classified as MOS 757 Radio Operator/Mechanic/Gunner
- [Buslee crew] Sgt. Sebastiano J. Peluso, SN 12182596, marital status Single
- [Brodie crew] Sgt. William E. Taylor, SN 16115332, marital status Single
AAEG – Assistant Aerial Engineer Gunner (Assistant Flight Engineer/Gunner), classified as MOS 611 Aerial Gunner (Waist, Ball & Tail)
- [Buslee crew] Cpl. Lenard L. Bryant, SN 38344446, one of the crew’s two waist gunners, marital status Married (although not indicated on SO 86)
- [Brodie crew] Cpl. Leonard W. Opie, SN 36431961, one of the crew’s two waist gunners, marital status Single
Lenard Bryant later became the Buslee crew’s top turret gunner after Clarence Seeley was seriously injured.
GUN – Airplane Armorer/Gunner (classified as a 612 MOS) or Aerial Gunner (classified as a 611 MOS)
- [Buslee crew] S/Sgt. Eugene D. Lucynski, SN 36507488, the crew’s tail gunner, classified as MOS 612 Airplane Armorer/Gunner, marital status Single
- [Brodie crew] Cpl. Gordon E. Hetu, SN 16189148, the crew’s ball turret gunner, classified as MOS 611 Aerial Gunner, marital status Single
AG – Aerial Gunner (Waist, Ball & Tail), classified as a basic 611 MOS
- [Buslee crew] Cpl. Erwin V. Foster, SN 32588280, the crew’s ball turret gunner, marital status Single
- [Brodie crew] Cpl. Harry A. Liniger, SN 34670187, one of the crew’s two waist gunners, marital status Single
AAG – Airplane Armorer/Gunner (classified as a 612 MOS) or Aerial Gunner (classified as a 611 MOS)
- [Buslee crew] Sgt. George E. Farrar, SN 14119873, one of the crew’s two waist gunners, classified as MOS 612 Airplane Armorer/Gunner, marital status Single
- [Brodie crew] Cpl. Wilfred F. Miller, SN 36834864, the crew’s tail gunner, classified as MOS 611 Aerial Gunner, marital status Single
George Farrar was a stateside instructor in the Army Air Forces before joining a combat crew (with his last assignment as an instructor at Ardmore Army Air Field), likely explaining why his rank was Sgt. at the time of these orders.
Buslee crew tail gunner Eugene Lucynski was assigned on the same Combat Crew Detachment Orders Number 52 as George Farrar, possibly indicating that he also held a position (maybe also instructor) at Ardmore, and possibly explaining why he held the rank of S/Sgt. at the time of these orders.
In some cases, the makeup of the airmen assigned to a bomber crew changed before the crew reached the final destination of its overseas duty station. For instance, if one of the airmen became ill en route, he might be left behind while the remainder of the crew continued on with a replacement assigned in his stead. In this case, both the Buslee and Brodie crews arrived intact, as assigned on Special Orders 86, at the 384th Bomb Group’s Station #106 in the English midlands village of Grafton Underwood, and began flying missions as assigned in Special Orders 86.
[NMI] indicates No Middle Initial in name.
After discovering that Lenard Bryant’s marital status was incorrect on the SO, I realize that I need to review the marital status of the other airmen on these two crews, but will do so at a later date.
384th Bomb Group Historian John Edwards, referencing “TM 12-427 Military Occupational Classification of Enlisted Personnel” dated 12 JULY 1944.
© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2020