I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at July – September 1938 in this post.
A Timeline of WWII, Summer 1938
July 6, 1938
The Nazis prohibited Jews from trading and providing a variety of specified commercial services.
July 6 – 15, 1938
Delegates from thirty-two nations attended the Evian conference to discuss Jewish refugees fleeing persecution by Nazi German. The conference ended with no resolution passed condemning German anti-Semitic policies. Most, including the U.S., refused to relax their immigration restrictions and no country would accept them.
July 11, 1938
The Reich Ministry of the Interior banned Jews from health spas.
July 23, 1938
The Nazis ordered Jews over the age of 15 to apply for identity cards from the police, to be shown on demand to any police officer.
July 25, 1938
The Nazis prohibited Jewish doctors from practicing medicine.
August 3, 1938
Italy enacted sweeping anti-Semitic laws.
August 11, 1938
The Nazis destroyed the synagogue in Nuremberg.
August 12, 1938
The German military mobilized.
August 17, 1938
The Nazi Executive Order on the Law on the Alteration of Family and Personal Names required Jews bearing first names of “non-Jewish” origin to adopt an additional name. Men would add “Israel” and women would add “Sara” to their names on all legal documents.
August 18, 1938
German General Ludwig Beck resigned as chief of the German General Staff in protest of Hitler’s overtly militaristic policies.
September 27, 1938
The Nazis prohibited Jews from all legal practices.
September 29, 1938
Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France signed the Munich agreement, or “Munich Betrayal.” Adolf Hitler had threatened a European war unless the Sudetenland, a border area of Czechoslovakia containing an ethnic German majority, was surrendered to Germany. The leaders of Britain, France, and Italy agreed in exchange for a pledge of peace from Hitler.
This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:
The History Place:
The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline
Antisemitic Legislation 1933 – 1939
World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.
Most recent post from the series:
© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2019