I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at October – December 1936 in this post.
A Timeline of WWII, Fall 1936
October 1, 1936
Spain’s Nationalists declare Franco head of Spain.
October 25, 1936
Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sign a treaty of cooperation or friendship.
October 29, 1936
Soviet tanks and planes see action in Spain on the side of the Loyalists.
November 1, 1936
Roosevelt is re-elected to his second term as U.S. president.
Germany and Italy announce a Rome-Berlin Axis one week after signing a treaty of friendship on October 25. Benito Mussolini, speaking to a crowd in Milan, said,
the line between Rome and Berlin is not a partition but rather an axis around which all European states…can also collaborate.
This was the first time Axis was used to mean Italy and its allies. The main Axis powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan. Germany was led by Adolf Hitler and dominated most of continental Europe; Italy was led by Benito Mussolini and dominated the Mediterranean Sea; and Japan was led by Emperor Hirohito and dominated East Asia and the Pacific.
November 6, 1936
Germany’s “Condor Legion” of planes and pilots arrives in Spain to support the Nationalists.
November 18, 1936
Germany and Italy formally recognize General Francisco Franco’s new Spanish government.
November 25, 1936
Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan sign the Anti-Comintern (Communist International) Pact which was directed against the international Communist movement.
In China, General Chang Hsueh-liang orchestrated the kidnapping of Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek. His intent was to force Chiang Kai-shek to concentrate his time and energy on confronting the Japanese rather than the Chinese Communists.
December 11, 1936
George VI is crowned King of England. His brother, Edward VIII, had married American divorcée Wallis Simpson and had abdicated the throne. George VI’s daughter, Queen Elizabeth, would succeed him upon his death in 1952 .
This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:
The History Place:
The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline
Anti-Comintern Pact on Wikipedia
World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.
Most recent post from the series:
© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2019