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WWII Timeline – Summer 1935

I’m continuing my WWII Timeline series with a look at July – September 1935 in this post.

A Timeline of WWII, Summer 1935

July 28, 1935

Boeing’s prototype B-17, known as the Model -299, made its first flight. It was piloted by Boeing’s chief test pilot, Leslie Tower. A reporter for the Seattle Times, Richard Williams, seeing the multiple machine guns, remarked, “Why, it’s a flying fortress!”

August 6, 1935

The Nazis forced Jewish performers/artists to join the Jewish Cultural Unions.

August 31, 1935

President Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Act of 1935. It prohibited trading in arms and other war materials with all parties in a war.

September 1935

Germany adopted the swastika for its national flag. The symbol originally stood for life, power, prosperity, and luck in ancient times. The Nazi party adopted the symbol in the 1920’s to stand for German nationalistic pride. But it became a symbol of antisemitism and terror to Jews and enemies of Nazi Germany.

September 15, 1935

The Nuremberg Race Laws, which imposed strict limits on citizenship and civil rights for German Jews, were adopted.

The Nuremberg Race laws were:

  • The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor (regarding Jewish marriage)
  • The Reich Citizenship Law (designating Jews as subjects)
  • The Law for the Protection of the Genetic Health of the German People (requiring all persons wanting to marry to submit to a medical examination; a “Certificate of Fitness to Marry” – which was required to get a marriage license – would be issued if they were found to be disease free)

The Nuremberg Laws caused confusion over the definition of a “full Jew.” The Nazis even published charts to distinguish “full Jews” from Mischlinge (Germans of mixed race) and Aryans. The Nazis ultimately defined a “full Jew” as a person with three Jewish grandparents. A Mischlinge of the first degree was defined as with two Jewish grandparents and of the second degree as with one Jewish grandparent.

Later, supplemental Nazi decrees outlawed the Jews completely, depriving them of their rights as human beings.

Sources:

This series of posts is based on a compilation of timelines from:

The Holocaust Encyclopedia

The History Place:

The National WWII Museum Interactive Timeline

Wikipedia: Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

Wikipedia: Swastika

World War II Chronicle by the Editors of Publications International, Ltd.

Most recent post from the series:

Spring 1935

© Cindy Farrar Bryan and The Arrowhead Club, 2018

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